LMH has been launched as a substitute for the LMP1 class, in a bid to scale back prices on the high finish of endurance racing and enhance its attraction to automotive producers, after the likes of Audi and Porsche withdrew to depart Toyota as the one OEM remaining.
Toyota launched its GR010 HYBRID for the beginning of the 2021 WEC season, whereas the US-based boutique producer Glickenhaus added its non-hybrid 007 LMH to the sector in time for the second spherical in Portimao.
There’s nonetheless an LMP1 automotive within the sequence, with Alpine fielding its ORECA-designed A480 (previously the Riot R-13) by way of a “grandfather” clause within the guidelines that enables non-hybrid LMP1 equipment to race on.
However what are the similarities and variations between LMH vehicles and their counterparts in Components 1? Let’s have a look.
Lando Norris, McLaren MCL35M
Picture by: Drew Gibson / Motorsport Images
Which is quicker: an F1 automotive or an LMH automotive?
F1 vehicles frequently surpass 200mph, however to this point in 2021 the very best pace throughout a race clocked within the championship has been 216.9mph, courtesy of Lando Norris at Paul Ricard. Nevertheless, increased velocities are anticipated from races at Monza and Mexico Metropolis, the place the vehicles have considerably much less downforce owing to Monza’s high-speed structure and Mexico’s excessive altitude.
WEC has already visited Monza this 12 months, with the very best pace throughout the Monza 6 Hours belonging to the Glickenhaus automotive of Romain Dumas, who hit 197.3mph. This was matched by Pipo Derani within the different Glickenhaus automotive and Brendon Hartley within the #8 Toyota throughout the third free apply session.
Speeds will likely be increased on the lengthy straights of the Circuit de la Sarthe at Le Mans: Louis Deletraz hit 217mph in Hyperpole final 12 months behind the wheel of a Riot-Gibson R-13. However the brand new LMH formulation has considerably elevated the burden of the top-line class of vehicles — the Toyota GR010 hits the scales at 1040kg in contrast with 878kg base weight for LMP1 hybrids — and peak energy is down for the vehicles operating power retrieval, so high speeds ought to come down compared with final 12 months.
#708 Glickenhaus Racing Glickenhaus 007 LMH: Luis Felipe Derani, Gustavo Menezes, Olivier Pal
Picture by: JEP / Motorsport Images
How a lot horsepower do LMH and F1 vehicles have?
With twin energy-retrieval methods augmenting the 1.6-litre V6 inside combustion engine in an F1 automotive, a 2021 F1 automotive produces an output of round 1000bhp, though this quantity is never confirmed by any of the powertrain suppliers throughout the class.
The LMH guidelines units a cap on the whole horsepower, 520kW or 670bhp, from all parts of the powertrain within the curiosity of making certain open competitors. Nevertheless, engine design is open, permitting producers to decide on their configuration and displacement. Vitality restoration methods are elective, though the deployment of hybrid energy is regulated to eradicate any unfair benefit over non-hybrid vehicles.
The hybrid system could be carried out throughout the entrance axle for an all-wheel drive configuration, and can regenerate power expended from front-wheel braking. This hybrid system could not have an output of greater than 200kW (268bhp).
Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes W12, battles with Carlos Sainz Jr., Ferrari SF21
Picture by: Charles Coates / Motorsport Images
What assists can be found for F1 and LMH vehicles?
F1 vehicles presently incorporate a drag discount system (DRS), permits the driving force to open the rear wing to negate the results of drag when following one other automotive and have a higher likelihood to overhaul. That is restricted, in a race state of affairs, to a automotive inside one second of the automotive in entrance. Drivers had been previously allowed to alter engine modes throughout a race, however this was restricted partway by way of final season to permit drivers use of only one engine map throughout each qualifying and the race.
The LMH guidelines not permit hybrid energy for use as a push-to-pass overtaking device: the facility curve is outlined for every automotive within the Stability of Efficiency desk for every race. Energy from the entrance axle can even solely deployed above 120km/h (roughly 75mph) to make sure there isn’t any traction benefit for four-wheel-drive vehicles out of lower-speed corners.
Polesitter #7 Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota TS050: Kamui Kobayashi
Picture by: Sam Bloxham / Motorsport Images
What is the distinction between the WEC and F1 qualifying codecs?
F1 qualifying takes place over three components; Q1, Q2 and Q3. Q1 lasts 18 minutes and options all 20 vehicles trying to set the quickest laptimes. The slowest 5 vehicles are eradicated and set of their grid slots, whereas Q2 then options the remaining 15 vehicles. Q2 lasts quarter-hour, and as soon as extra the slowest 5 vehicles are eradicated and the highest 10 progress to the ultimate half – during which pole place is determined together with the grid slots all the way down to tenth place.
The highest 10 will even begin the race on the tyres on which they logged their quickest Q2 lap, however have free tyre selection for Q3 to try to set a time ok for pole throughout the 12 allotted minutes.
WEC has a extra conventional system system comprising two 10-minute periods, one for the Hypercar and LMP2 courses, and one other for the GTE divisions: the quickest lap from every qualifying driver units the grid. A degree is awarded to every of the drivers of the automotive that takes pole within the 4 courses.
The double-points Le Mans 24 Hours WEC spherical runs to a special format often called Hyperpole, which was launched final 12 months. The highest six vehicles in every of the 4 courses throughout a 45-minute interval on Wednesday, the primary day of qualifying, go ahead to the half-hour Hyperpole session on Thursday.
#7 Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota GR010 – Hybrid: Mike Conway, Kamui Kobayashi, Jose Maria Lopez
Picture by: TOYOTA GAZOO Racing
What are the variations between WEC and F1’s race codecs?
Components 1 races last as long as a most of two hours excluding any pink flag stoppages, and are run to the shortest race distance exceeding 305km, barring the Monaco Grand Prix which runs to round 260km. Throughout the race, every automotive should use at the very least two of the three nominated tyre compounds supplied by Pirelli, and pitstops could solely be used for tyre adjustments and doable repairs following the ban on refuelling from 2010 onwards.
WEC races are for much longer, therefore the time period “endurance racing”, and nearly all of races final six hours. There are two eight-hour races on the 2021 calendar, on the Algarve circuit in Portimao and the second Bahrain race on the finish of the season, whereas Le Mans lasts a full 24 hours.
The minimal period is 4 hours, a format tried within the 2019/20 season.
Which means a number of drivers share every automotive, and there are laws throughout every class that mandate minimal occasions behind the wheel for every driver. Endurance racing additionally assigns every driver a class – bronze, silver, gold and platinum – based mostly on prior expertise and outcomes, and the LMP2 and GTE Am classes have set mixtures of driver categorisations allowed. This doesn’t apply to the Hypercar class, aside from allowing no bronze drivers to take part within the class.
Nicholas Latifi, Williams Racing and George Russell, Williams Racing have a good time with the workforce
Picture by: Williams
What is the distinction between F1 and WEC’s factors methods?
For a six-hour race, WEC runs to the identical 25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1 factors format as F1, albeit with a half-point accessible for vehicles ending beneath that in every class. It additionally awards some extent for every class pole.
WEC treats every class as a separate championship, and awards factors to a workforce relative to their place throughout the class.
The eight-hour races and the Le Mans 24 Hours provide totally different factors distributions. In an eight-hour race, the factors are handed out in a 38-27-23-18-15-12-9-6-3-2 format for the highest 10 with one level on provide to finishers beneath that. Le Mans runs to a 50-36-30-24-20-16-12-8-4-2 format, double the factors on provide for a six-hour race.
In contrast to the WEC, Components 1 awards some extent for the quickest lap of the race, supplied it has been set by a driver throughout the high 10 on the chequered flag. There isn’t any level for pole place, nor for drivers ending beneath tenth.